Friday, 29 January 2016

MATHS (SOLVED IN STEPS) TIME & WORK - (Page -3)

MATHS (SOLVED IN STEPS)
TIME & WORK - (Page -3)
15. P, Q and R can complete a work in 24, 6 and 12 days respectively. The work will be completed in --- days if all of them are working together.
A. 2               B. 3 ³⁄₇              C. 4 ¼              D. 5
Answer : Option B
Explanation : Work done by P in 1 day = 1/24
Work done by Q in 1 day = 1/6
Work done by R in 1 day = 1/12
Work done by P,Q and R in 1 day = 1/24 + 1/6 + 1/12 = 7/24
=> Working together, they will complete the work in 24/7 days = 3 ³⁄₇days

16. 10 men can complete a work in 7 days. But 10 women7 need 14 days to complete the same work. How many days will 5 men and 10 women need to complete the work?
A. 5                  B. 6                 C. 7               D. 8
Answer : Option C
Explanation :Work done by 10 men in 1 day = 1/7
Work done by 1 man in 1 day = (1/7)/10 = 1/70
Work done by 10 women in 1 day = 1/14
Work done by 1 woman in 1 day = 1/140
Work done by 5 men and 10 women in 1 day = 5 × (1/ 70) + 10 × (1/140)
= 5/70 + 10/140 = 1/7
=> 5 men and 10 women can complete the work in 7 days

17. Kamal will complete work in 20 days. If Suresh is 25% more efficient than Kamal, he can complete the work in ----- days.
A.14                       B. 16                 C. 18                     D. 20
Answer : Option B
Explanation :Work done by Kamal in 1 day = 1/20
Work done by Suresh in 1 day = (1/20) × (125/100) = 5/80 = 1/16
=> Suresh can complete the work in 16 days

18. P and Q can complete a work in 20 days and 12 days respectively. P alone started the work and Q joined him after 4 days till the completion of the work. How long did the work last?
A. 5 days                   B. 10 days                 C. 14 days              D. 22 days
Answer : Option B
Explanation : Work done by P in 1 day = 1/20
Work done by Q in 1 day = 1/12
Work done by P in 4 days = 4 × (1/20) = 1/5
Remaining work = 1 – 1/5 = 4/5
Work done by P and Q in 1 day = 1/20 + 1/12 = 8/60 = 2/15
Number of days P and Q take to complete the remaining work = (4/5) / (2/15) = 6
Total days = 4 + 6 = 10

19. P takes twice as much time as Q or thrice as much time as R to finish a piece of work. They can finish the work in 2 days if work together. How much time will Q take to do the work alone?
A. 4                     B. 5                    C. 6                D. 7
Answer : Option C
Explanation :Let P takes x days to complete the work
Then Q takes x/2 days and R takes x/3 days to finish the work
Amount of work P does in 1 day = 1/x
Amount of work Q does in 1 day = 2/x
Amount of work R does in 1 day = 3/x
Amount of work P,Q and R do in 1 day = 1/x + 2/x + 3/x
= 1/x (1 + 2 + 3) = 6/x
6/x = 2
=> x = 12
=> Q takes 12/2 days = 6 days to complete the work

20. P and Q can complete a work in 15 days and 10 days respectively. They started the work together and then Q left after 2 days. P alone completed the remaining work. The work was finished in --- days.
A. 12                  B. 16                 C. 20               D. 24
Answer : Option A
Explanation : Work done by P in 1 day = 1/15
Work done by Q in 1 day = 1/10
Work done by P and Q in 1 day = 1/15 + 1/10 = 1/6
Work done by P and Q in 2 days = 2 × (1/6) = 1/3
Remaining work = 1 – 1/3 = 2/3
Time taken by P to complete the remaining work 2/3 = (2/3) / (1/15) = 10 days
Total time taken = 2 + 10 = 12 days

21.  P and Q can do a work in 30 days. Q and R can do the same work in 24 days and R and P in 20 days. They started the work together, but Q and R left after 10 days. How many days more will P take to finish the work?
A. 10                  B. 15                  C. 18              D. 22
Answer : Option C
Explanation : Let work done by P in 1 day = p,
Work done by Q in 1 day = q,
Work done by R in 1 day = r
p + q = 1/30
q + r = 1/24
r + p = 1/20
Adding all the above, 2p + 2q + 2r = 1/30 + 1/24+ 1/20
= 15/120 = 1/8
=> p + q + r = 1/16
=> Work done by P,Q and R in 1 day = 1/16
Work done by P, Q and R in 10 days = 10 × (1/16) = 10/16 = 5/8
Remaining work = 1 = 5/8 = 3/8
Work done by P in 1 day = Work done by P,Q and R in 1 day - Work done by Q and R in 1 day

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